ROMANS 5:17-19

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Sunday Morning:October 9, 2005

Text:Romans 5:17-21For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)18Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.19For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.20Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:21That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.

BY ADAMíS OFFENCE

Romans 5:17For if by [of the, masculine] one man's [the] offence [the] death reigned by [the] one; much more they [the ones] which receive [present active participle, receiving] abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness [they] shall reign [future active indicative] in life (future life in the kingdom of the heavens) by [the] one, Jesus Christ.)

THE DEATH REIGNED

Romans 5:14Nevertheless [the] death reigned from Adam to Moses, .(Death = lost dominion and honor)

ALL THE MANY

Romans 5:18Therefore as by the offence of one (Adam) judgment came upon all men [masculine plural, (the many, see 5:15, 19)] to [eiv, leading to] condemnation [verdict]; even so by the righteousness [equitable deed] of one the free gift came upon all men [masculine plural, (the many)] unto [leading to] justification of life.

THE MANY, MASCULINE PLURAL

Romans 5:15But not as the offence, so also is the free gift [carisma, grace gift]. For if through the offence of one [the] many [masculine, plural] be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift [dwrea, (agelasting life)] by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto [the] many [masculine, plural].

ALSO IN

Romans 5:19For as by one man's disobedience [the] many [masculine, plural] were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall [the] many [masculine, plural] be made righteous.

THE OBEDIENCE OF ONE

Romans 5:19For as by one man's (Adam) disobedience [the] many were made sinners, so by the obedience [compliance, submission] of one (Jesus Christ) shall [the] many be made [future passive, appoint, render] righteous [just, (unchargeable)].

HIS OBEDIENCE

Mark 14:33-36And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;34And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto [until] death [qanatov (not nekrov, physical death)]: tarry ye here, and watch.35And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour [singular, (not the day)] might pass from him.36And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.

CHRIST JUSTIFIED THE MANY

Isaiah 53:10-11Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief (exceeding sorrowful): when thou shalt make his soul (not his body) an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days (as high priest), and the pleasure (will, none would perish, 2 Pet 3:9) of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.11He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear (the consequences, as in Lam 5:7) their iniquities.

THE CONSEQUENCES

Lamentations 5:7Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne (the consequences, same word as bear) their iniquities.

GRACE ABOUNDED

Romans 5:20Moreover the law (moral law) entered, that the offence (the sin, lawlessness) might abound. But where [the] sin (the offence) abounded, grace did much more abound:

THE SIN

1 John 3:4Whosoever committeth [present active participle] [the] sin transgresseth [present active] also the law [lawlessness]: for [the] sin is the transgression of the law [lawlessness].

LITERAL TRANSLATION

1 John 3:4Every one the one doing [present active participle, practices] the sin, also the lawlessness does [present active (practices)]; and the sin is the lawlessness.

THE LAW BROUGHT DEEPER KNOWLEDGE

Romans 3:20 . . for by the law is the knowledge [epignwsiv, upon knowledge exact] of sin.

THE MORAL LAW AND THE SIN

Romans 7:7What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known [the] sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the (moral) law had said, Thou shalt not covet.

WITHOUT THE LAW

Romans 7:8. . . For without the law sin was dead.

MAY GRACE REIGN

Romans 5:21[so] That [just] as [the] sin hath reigned unto [en, in] death [qanatov, (lose of agelasting life)], even so might [the] grace reign through [dia, by means of] righteousness (by obtaining mercy) unto [eiv, leading to] eternal [agelasting] life by Jesus Christ our Lord (our high priest).

EXTENDED HIS DAYS FOR GRACE

Hebrews 4:15-16For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.16Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, (grace must reign) that we may obtain mercy (become just), and find grace to help in time of need.

THE POWER OF CHRIST

2 Corinthians 12:9And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.

BE STRONG IN HIS GRACE

2 Timothy 2:1Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.

CONTINUE IN THE WORD OF HIS GRACE

Acts 20:32And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified.

ESTABLISH THE HEART WITH GRACE

Hebrews 13:9Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.

GROW IN GRACE

2 Peter 3:18But grow [present active imperative, increase] in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.