Sunday Morning:† October 9, 2005
Text:† Romans 5:17-21† For if by one man's offence death reigned by one; much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one, Jesus Christ.)† 18† Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation; even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life.† 19† For as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous.† 20† Moreover the law entered, that the offence might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound:† 21† That as sin hath reigned unto death, even so might grace reign through righteousness unto eternal life by Jesus Christ our Lord.
BY ADAMíS OFFENCE
Romans 5:17† For if by [of the, masculine] one man's [the] offence [the] death reigned by [the] one; much more they [the ones] which receive [present active participle, receiving] abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness [they] shall reign [future active indicative] in life (future life in the kingdom of the heavens) by [the] one, Jesus Christ.)
THE DEATH REIGNED
Romans 5:14† Nevertheless [the] death reigned from Adam to Moses, .† (Death = lost dominion and honor)
ALL THE MANY
Romans 5:18† Therefore as by the offence of one (Adam)
judgment came upon all men [masculine plural, (the many, see
5:15, 19)] to [eiv, leading to] condemnation [verdict]; even so
by the righteousness [equitable
deed] of one the free gift came upon all men [masculine
plural, (the many)] unto [leading
to] justification †of life.
THE MANY, MASCULINE PLURAL
Romans 5:15† But not as the offence, so also is the free gift [carisma, grace gift]. For if through the offence of one [the] many [masculine, plural] be dead, much more the grace of God, and the gift [dwrea, (agelasting life)] by grace, which is by one man, Jesus Christ, hath abounded unto [the] many [masculine, plural].
Romans 5:19† For as by one man's disobedience [the] many [masculine, plural] were made sinners, so by the obedience of one shall [the] many [masculine, plural] be made righteous.
THE OBEDIENCE OF ONE
Romans 5:19† For as by one man's (Adam) disobedience [the] many were made sinners, so by the obedience [compliance, submission] of one (Jesus Christ) shall [the] many be made [future passive, appoint, render] righteous [just, (unchargeable)].
Mark 14:33-36† And he taketh with him Peter and James and John, and began to be sore amazed, and to be very heavy;† 34† And saith unto them, My soul is exceeding sorrowful unto [until] death [qanatov (not nekrov, physical death)]: tarry ye here, and watch.† 35† And he went forward a little, and fell on the ground, and prayed that, if it were possible, the hour [singular, (not the day)] might pass from him.† 36† And he said, Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take away this cup from me: nevertheless not what I will, but what thou wilt.
CHRIST JUSTIFIED THE MANY
Isaiah 53:10-11† Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him; he hath put him to grief (exceeding sorrowful): when thou shalt make his soul (not his body) an offering for sin, he shall see his seed, he shall prolong his days (as high priest), and the pleasure (will, none would perish, 2 Pet 3:9) of the LORD shall prosper in his hand.† 11† He shall see of the travail of his soul, and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many; for he shall bear (the consequences, as in Lam 5:7) their iniquities.
Lamentations 5:7† Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne (the consequences, same word as bear) their iniquities.
Romans 5:20† Moreover the law (moral law) entered, that the offence (the sin, lawlessness) might abound. But where [the] sin (the offence) abounded, grace did much more abound:
1 John 3:4† Whosoever committeth [present active participle] [the] sin transgresseth [present active] also the law [lawlessness]: for [the] sin is the transgression of the law [lawlessness].
1 John 3:4† Every one the one doing [present active participle, practices] the sin, also the lawlessness does [present active (practices)]; and the sin is the lawlessness.
THE LAW BROUGHT DEEPER KNOWLEDGE
Romans 3:20 . . for by the law is the knowledge [epignwsiv, upon knowledge exact] of sin.
THE MORAL LAW AND THE SIN
Romans 7:7† What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known [the] sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the (moral) law had said, Thou shalt not covet.
WITHOUT THE LAW
Romans 7:8† . . . For without the law sin was dead.
MAY GRACE REIGN
Romans 5:21† [so] That [just] as [the] sin hath reigned unto [en, in] death [qanatov, (lose of agelasting life)], even so might [the] grace reign through [dia, by means of] righteousness (by obtaining mercy) unto [eiv, leading to] eternal [agelasting] life by Jesus Christ our Lord (our high priest).
EXTENDED HIS DAYS FOR GRACE
Hebrews 4:15-16† For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.† 16† Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, (grace must reign) that we may obtain mercy (become just), and find grace to help in time of need.
THE POWER OF CHRIST
2 Corinthians 12:9† And he said unto me, My grace is sufficient for thee: for my strength is made perfect in weakness. Most gladly therefore will I rather glory in my infirmities, that the power of Christ may rest upon me.
BE STRONG IN HIS GRACE
2 Timothy 2:1† Thou therefore, my son, be strong in the grace that is in Christ Jesus.
CONTINUE IN THE WORD OF HIS GRACE
Acts 20:32† And now, brethren, I commend you to God, and to the word of his grace, which is able to build you up, and to give you an inheritance among all them which are sanctified.
ESTABLISH THE HEART WITH GRACE
Hebrews 13:9† Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace; not with meats, which have not profited them that have been occupied therein.
GROW IN GRACE
2 Peter 3:18† But grow [present active imperative, increase] in grace, and in the knowledge of our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ. To him be glory both now and for ever. Amen.